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Dominant breed of chickens - description and characteristics.


Farmers and rural residents are well aware of the dominant chickens. This is a wonderful type of poultry, which has an excellent immunity, as well as undemanding to conditions of detention.

The breed was bred by Czech breeders, but to date, representatives of agriculture in more than 30 countries have already appreciated the advantages of the breed. This breed is popular not only in Europe, but also in the USA and the countries of South America.

Appearance of dominant chickens: description and photo

These birds look pretty cute: they are decorated with rich plumage, which allows them to appear even more fattened. The body is massive.

The paws are short, because of which the bird may seem even larger. The body is crowned with a graceful head of a small size, which is decorated with a comb and scarlet earrings.

In general, representatives of the dominant breed can be called beautiful women - their appearance really pleases the host's eye.

Worth knowing: the peculiarity of these chickens in high egg production: here the hens of the dominant breed can be considered real champions.

This brings their owners considerable benefits, especially when you consider bird simplicity in food and the possibility of self-feed during free-range.

In this breed it is convenient that even at the very young age one can easily distinguish "girls" from "young people". The first have a darker plumage, cockerel lighter.

Temperament Czech hens and roosters

A meek character is another breed advantage. They can not be called aggressive, which is unusually beneficial for farmers.

In agriculture, this is an important factor: birds feel great in the open air, and indoors, at the same time, even in conditions of limited living space, they calmly get along with each other.

However, this option is not the best. The ideal case - when you have the opportunity to keep the bird on the run. If there are problems with the territory, then accommodation in low cages is possible.

Since sunlight helps synthesize vitamin D, it is preferable that poultry can walk freely in sunlight. This will allow them to be more healthy.

Attention! To spend the night hens require a barn (poultry house). Birds will feel more comfortable if you provide them with good bedding - hay, leaves, dry sawdust, etc. will do.

This valuable breed is suitable for breeding both in private households and for industrial production. However, if we are talking about a compound with a large number of birds, then it is better to choose the dominant breed brown D102 and white dominant D159. In private homes, you can breed any kind of breed.

Characteristics and egg production of layers

Laying cross dominant breeds weigh 2.5 kg. Males are more massive - their weight is up to 3 kg. The excellent characteristics of the egg production of the breed are impressive even for experienced farmers - it can be carried up to 300 times a year.

At the same time carry eggs chicken start quite early. Its productivity is maintained until the age of 3-4 years. Egg weight - about 70 grams.

Important! Per head per day requires from 122 to 150 g of feed. On one egg - 151 g.

Species: speckled, brown, amber and blue

Chickens of this breed can be of the following varieties: blue, amber, speckled D 959, black, Sussex. There is no significant difference between the species, the main feature is a varied color.

Blue dominant looks like an Andalusian breed. A distinctive feature is the ability to adapt to fairly harsh weather conditions.

More productive. than many other species of breed. Some owners point out that blue chickens are not so good at hatching.

Variety amber dominant D843 different especially interesting color plumage. The literature indicates that this species has a good survival rate even in the rather harsh conditions of the highlands in Switzerland.

Efficiency - about 300 eggs. The average egg weight is 61.5 g. The weight of an adult layer is 2.2 kg. The color of the shell is brown. Temperament quite calm.

Breed speckled dominant D 959 - one of the most beloved by farmers. Externally similar to the chickens breed speckled Plymouth. More suitable for home farms.

The productivity of the variety is great - more than 310 eggs in 74 weeks. Layers reach 2.5 kg, roosters - up to 3.2 kg.

The most popular varieties are black and sussex.

Dominant black D 109. The advantage of this variety is the high productivity of more than 310 eggs with dark brown shells. Laying weight - 2.1 kg, average egg weight - 62.5 g.

Dominant Sussex D104 reminds breed Sussex light. It is widespread in Poland. Czech Republic, Italy.

Productivity - more than 300 eggs. Laying weight - 2.2 kg, average egg weight - 61 g.

Breeding and feeding

Dominant chickens are so undemanding in food that they can find food for themselves, feeding on pasture feed (in the case of open content).

Tip: scant food can not affect the number of eggs, so to improve egg production it is better to buy feed for your birds.

It can be alternated with grain (barley, wheat). Even better - if the feed contains calcium. You can also pamper chickens with boiled vegetables, bone meal, add chalk to the food.

The preferred option is content of birds in large enclosuresas well as equipment of the house for artificial lighting for the winter season.

Interestingly, this wonderful breed calmly endures not only cold, but also excessive heat, as well as excessive humidity.

As for disease, then here is dominant at height. Their survival rate is extremely high compared to other breeds. Still, prevention is a sensible step for the young. It is only necessary to process adult chickens if you know for sure that a virus has arrived.

Reviews and videos about the breed

Farmers in various forums of agricultural direction praise the breed and give a description of the many advantages. You You can read reviews here:
poultry farmers forum
Agricultural Forum

Summing up, we can note that the dominant breed of chickens has a lot of advantages. This and the simplicity of the content, and unpretentiousness in food, and good health.

Among the shortcomings - preferred open-range content (not very well tolerated in the cells), and also not the greatest weight of eggs.

The dominance of chickens dominant year by year only increases, and many farmers recommend breeding this particular breed of poultry - not only for reasons of economy, but also because of the calm nature and beautiful appearance of the hens.